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钢铁是怎样炼成的?  

2015-07-03 21:37:25|  分类: C3 励志与进阶频 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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钢铁是怎样炼成的? - 一博 - 一博的博客! 文化点亮风采!

“Is there a way to strengthen someone’s willpower?”

That was the question on researchers' minds as they learned more about how the science behind this human virtue. Through many tests, they had discovered thatwillpower is like a muscle - it gets tired from overuse and requires food to replenish.

So, if it does act like a muscle, can it also be strengthened?

After several studies, we have our answer! With the right practice, willpower can be strengthened just like any other muscle in the body.

Fair warning: like all practice, these workouts can be challenging. After all, you will be exerting your willpower in the same way that you would exert your legs on a run. Butthey are scientifically proven to get you results. 

So although it will be difficult in the short-term, eventually it will be easier to say no to temptations, make it to the gym and stick with your long-term goals!

1.    10 MINUTES OF MEDITATION

Meditation will give you the fastest results of all of the willpower workouts listed. Bymeditating you are training the brain to focus and resist the urge to wander. Research shows that after just 2-3 days of practicing meditation for 10 minutes, your brain will be able to focus better, you will have more energy, and you will be less stressed. [1]

To get started with 10 minutes of meditation, check out this article.  It will provide you with all of the benefits of mediation as well as simple exercise designed specifically for beginners.

2.    WORK ON YOUR POSTURE

When testing if willpower could be strengthened, researchers asked a group of participants to work on their posture for a 2-week period. Every time they caught themselves slouching, they were to correct themselves by sitting up straight. This simple practice vastly improved their perseverance on various willpower tests like this one. [2]

To get started, simply correct your posture every time you catch yourself slouching at work or at home. It sounds extremely simple, but it takes willpower to sit up straight. Every time you do, you’re essentially doing “one rep” with your willpower muscle.

3.    KEEP A FOOD DIARY 

The same study also found that those who kept a food diary improved their willpower. Most of us don’t log all of the food we eat, so it takes willpower to keep track of it all. Any similar logging of information will also work, but I recommend a food diary because of all of its benefits listed here. [2]

To get started, I recommend downloading the MyFitnessPal App. It’s a simple food diary app that has a huge database of foods and nutrition information. Just keep the diary for 2 weeks, and it will increase your ability to resist temptations!

4.    USE YOUR OPPOSITE HAND 

Using the same methodology as with posture, researchers conducted further studies that tested other corrective actions. One that worked particularly well was to use your opposite hand. Your brain is wired to use your dominant hand, so it takes willpower to use the opposite. [3]

To get started, select a chunk of the day to use your opposite hand. It doesn’t need to be any more than an hour in order to get results. And from personal experience, if you aim for more than an hour, you will unnecessarily tire out your willpower muscle.

5.    CORRECT YOUR SPEECH

Another test that the researchers conducted was to change subjects’ natural speech. This includes resisting the urge to use swear words, or to say “hello” instead of “hey”. Again, it takes willpower to consciously go against your instincts. It doesn’t matter how you correct your speech, as long as you change your natural speech habits. [3]

To get started, select a chunk of the day to practice and choose the words you will change. Personally, I tried not using contractions (using “do not” instead of “don’t”, etc.) during work hours and it worked very well. Like all exercises listed above, doing this for just 2 weeks can vastly improve your willpower!

6. CREATE AND MEET SELF-IMPOSED DEADLINES 

Anyone who remembers their college days, remembers what it was like cramming for a test or doing a last minute paper. Your willpower gets taxed as you try to tune out distractions and become hyper-productive. Using this same principle, researchers found that by creating self-imposed deadlines you can work your willpower in the same way.

To get started, simply pick a task on your to-do list that you may have been putting off. Set a deadline for accomplishing it, and make sure you adhere to it. The participants who followed this process for 2 weeks not only got their old to-dos done, but also improved their diets, exercised more, and cut back on cigarettes and alcohol. [3] 

7. KEEP TRACK OF YOUR SPENDING

In the same way most of us don’t track the food that we eat, many of us don’t track our spending either. Even if you don’t cut back on spending – which would also be a willpower workout – researchers found that simply keeping track of where your money went will improve your willpower. [4] 

To get stated, try using a budgeting app like Mint. Mint can connect to your bank account, credit cards, etc. and automatically track your purchases. By simply reviewing this on a regular basis, you will see increases in your focus and ability to resist unrelated temptations like sweets.

8. SQUEEZE A HANDGRIP

For the truly determined who want to increase their perseverance, you can squeeze a handgrip until exhaustion. If you’ve ever squeezed one before, you know that it gives you a deep forearm burn. So it takes willpower to keep squeezing. [5]

To get started, simply get a handgrip like this one, and squeeze it with each hand until you’re exhausted. Willing yourself to continue squeezing even when it hurts will increase your perseverance on other challenging tasks.

9. CARRY AROUND SOMETHING TEMPTING

Again, for the truly determined out there, you can increase your ability to say "no" by carrying around something tempting with you all day. Researchers tried this with participants by teaching them how to resist cravings, then giving them a Hershey’s Kiss to carry around with them. Those who resisted the Kiss were much more capable of resisting other temptations in their lives as well! [6]

To get started, first learn how to resist a craving. This will be hard, so your will want to know how to deal with the craving. Then carry something small but tempting with you.It doesn’t need to be for an entire day, but for long enough that you will be truly tempted. By consistently saying "no", you will increase your ability to resist other temptations and ignore distractions!

10. BE MORE CONSCIOUS OF YOUR AUTOMATIC DECISIONS

A final exercise is to simply be more mindful of your decisions throughout the day. We are often so lost in thought, that our actions become automatic. Taking time to think about why you are making your daily decisions will increase your ability to focus and resist temptations. [3]

To get started, try to catch yourself in an automatic behavior and ask yourself why you are doing it. This may be questioning why you are eating cereal instead of eggs for breakfast, or it may be questioning why exactly you put 2 sugars in your coffee. Any way you can think consciously about a typical automatic behavior will increase your focus and self-control.

CONCLUSION

Like all muscles in the body, willpower can be strengthened with the right practice. Above you will find 10 practical and effective ways to strengthen your self-control, focus and perseverance. Do not try to do all 10 at once.

Think about training your willpower muscle like training for a marathon. Your first training run wouldn’t be the full 26 miles or even close to that. You would start small and gradually build up as your muscles got stronger. So choose just 1 of these workouts to add to your daily routine.

Determine which workout seems practical and effective for the goal you want to achieve and get to work. By simply following the steps laid out, you will be well on your way to becoming more mentally strong!

来源:http://www.willpowered.co/learn/strengthen-your-willpower?utm_source=Outbrain&utm_medium=CPC&utm_campaign=Strengthen%20Your%20Willpower

钢铁是怎样炼成的? - 一博 - 一博的博客! 文化点亮风采!

增强意志力的10种小方法

2015-05-28 21:07:46   来源:   评论:0 点击:6

脑子不够用,有没有什么方法可以增强人的意志力?

研究发现人的意志力和肌肉一样,在过度使用后就会疲倦,需要能量来补充。如果真的是这样,那么意志力是不是也可以得到锻炼加强呢?经过几项研究我们有了答案,通过正确的训练,意志力也可以得到强化。

友情提示:和很多锻炼一样,这些方法也是很有挑战性的。毕竟需要像坚持跑步一样花时间,但最后你会看到结果的。虽然短期内会有些困难,但慢慢会渐入佳境,认定目标,坚持到底。

增强意志力的10种小方法

110分钟冥想

冥想是所有意志力训练效果最快的。通过冥想,你可以训练大脑的专注度和抵制神游的冲动。研究表明,10分钟的练习冥想只要做2-3天,你的注意力就能更加集中,获得更多的能量,同时也缓解压力。

2.调整姿势

当测试意志力能否强化时,研究人员让一组参与者持续调整姿势两周。每当他们懒懒散散要趴下时,就调整姿势坐直。这个简单的做法大大提高了他们的意志力。你要开始的话,同样的,在工作或在家时一感觉懒洋洋就立刻坐直。这听上去很简单,但是要一直坐直的话,很考验意志。每次你这么做的时候,就相当于在拉伸你意志力的肌肉。

3.写饮食日记

也是同一项研究发现,写饮食日记可以帮助提高意志力。我们大多数人都没有记录吃东西的习惯,所以要做起来还是需要一定毅力的。类似的记载也有作用。建议开始下一个简单的饮食APP帮你进行记录。只要持续两周就可以提高你抵制诱惑的能力。

4.使用非惯用手

和调整姿势一样的做法,当你想做什么事时尝试用你的反手,大脑对你的惯用手更加灵敏,要想使用反手的话就需要靠你的意志力了。首先你需要一天中大部分时间都用你的非惯用手。但每次使用这种方法不要超过一个小时,否则会过度疲劳。

5.改掉口头禅

另一个测试是改掉你的说话方式,包括你常使用的脏话,或者用“你好”代替“嘿”。同样的,这需要靠你的意志力去克服你的本能。首先你需要想想你要改掉那些说话中带的词语,比如我自己就改掉了在工作中使用缩略词的习惯,比如用“这样子”换掉“酱紫”。同样也只需要两周就能见效。

6.利用最后期限

你还记不记得大学考试之前挑灯夜战或者考试中的最后一分钟,你的注意力高度集中、精神非常紧张,高度亢奋。使用同样的原理,研究人员发现自己设定一个期限,你也可以提高意志力,还能提高效率。将你要做的事情列成表,定下要完成的最后时间,然后坚持完成。参与者照这样做了两周后,不仅原来的事情做完了,还空出了很多时间来进行健身、调节饮食,吸烟喝酒的量也减少了。

7.记录开销

和记录饮食一样,我们很多人也没有记录开销的习惯。即使你不需要省钱,这样做对你的意志力很有好处。拿出账本或者也下个APP来帮你。经常回顾你的账单,你会发现你的注意力和抵制糖果这些诱惑的能力提升了。

8.握力练习

对于那些想提升恒心的朋友,你可以通过握力练习器来锻炼,直到精疲力竭为止。试过你就会知道,使用这个需要多大的毅力。使用握力练习器即使感到疼痛也要坚持下去。

9.携带一些诱惑物

要提高你说不的能力,你可以每天带一点对你有诱惑的物品在身上。研究中,参与者带着巧克力,坚持不吃的人对其它诱惑也会有抵抗力。首先,你要知道如何抵制渴望,这非常困难。带着 对你有诱惑力的东西,坚持对之说不。也不是让你一天到晚都带着,只要你能抵制住,最后无视它的干扰就行。

10.对你下意识的判断保持清醒

最后这项比较简单,注意你的判断。不经意间我们就去神游了,动作开始机械。你要花时间想想为什么你要做这个决定,并提高对潜意识动作的注意,问问你自己为什么要这么做。比如,为什么早上你要吃稀饭而不是鸡蛋,为什么咖啡放了两勺糖。有意识地思考可以提升注意力和自我控制力。

结论

像锻炼身体的肌肉一样,意志力锻炼也是一项马拉松。你第一次训练不可能一口气跑26公里,要从少到多,循序渐进。这些简单的方法可以使你更加有效高效的完成工作,对意志力有很大的提神。以上十点不要同时进行。

来源:http://www.iycsky.com/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=15&id=6927

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